Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Ohio State University
Last Reviewed: (not done)
CChIPS advances the safety of children and young adults by facilitating research on injury causes and consequence and its translation into products and education for injury prevention`
The CChIPS mission is to advance the safety of children, youth, and young adults (through age 24) by facilitating scientific inquiry into childhood and young adult injuries and to translate these findings into commercial applications and public education programs for preventing future injuries from occurring.
Traffic Injury Prevention
The CChIPS research method applies the broad and diverse backgrounds of its investigators to create and implement novel integrated approaches. For example, child crash injury-related research uses Biomechanical Epidemiology, an approach developed by CChIPS investigators. CChIPS is committed to creating a diverse, internationally competitive, and globally engaged science and engineering workforce. Its rigorous, meaningful research projects and talented investigators and IAB members allow the Center to attract and train a diverse pool of talented students with a focus on injury prevention. These students also bring fresh ideas and energy to our studies.
Currently, the majority of CChIPS research is focused on preventing road traffic injuries and deaths. Areas of research include:
• injury biomechanics, mechanisms, and tolerance
• technological solutions (design, development, and testing)
• how humans interact and behave in relation to safety technology
• safety promotion and education
• the evaluation of safety devices and behavior modification programs
In 2013, CChIPS leadership, along with the IAB, voted to expand the research portfolio beyond Automotive Safety with the addition of two other thrusts, Sports Injury Biomechanics and Pediatric Trauma Care. These two new thrusts are currently in their infancy but will continue to grow as relevant industry partners are identified.
Our 2014 Annual Report has been released. Please feel free to download a copy - http://cchips.research.chop.edu/index.php/resources
ADVANCES IN CHILD INJURY PREVENTION RECAP
CChIPS held the 2014 Advances in Child Injury Prevention (ACIP) Conference this past May in Plymouth, MI. Bringing together professionals from industry, government, and research organizations, the conference covered the latest research in occupant safety for children and adolescents on a variety of topics, including crash test dummy design, child restraint installation, and regulatory advancements, such as head impact protection and child restraint performance. Over 100 attendees from 43 organizations heard a dozen presentations from experts at CHOP, The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, The Ohio State University, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Please join us for our 2015 Advances in Child Injury Prevention Conference - November 19-20, 2015 in Plymouth, MI. cchips.research.chop.edu for more information.
CHOP Facilities and Infrastructure
Facilities: CHOP provides administrative office and laboratory space to CChIPS’ main site. CHOP waives indirect fees on IAB membership fees and provides substantial administrative support and guidance to the Center. CChIPS has access to a large and diverse subject pool for research through its relationship with CHOP. The CHOP main campus, located in West Philadelphia, includes inpatient, outpatient, research, and rehabilitation facilities in an interconnected complex of buildings. The Main Hospital has 535 beds, 40% of which are allocated to intensive care with over 25,000 inpatient admissions and 1.5 million outpatients annually in its 50 outpatient facilities. Many of the Hospital’s clinical programs are considered preeminent centers of care. As a result of these and other highly regarded programs, CHOP has been consistently rated the top pediatric hospital in the annual physician survey published by U.S. News and World Report. CHOP is the community hospital and primary care center for children in West and South Philadelphia, and a major tertiary referral center for the greater Delaware Valley area with an estimated population of 10 million residents. CHOP serves a diverse population of children that includes large numbers of racial and ethnic minorities, newborns, infants, children and adolescents.
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute: CHOP has a long and distinguished tradition in pediatric research. It was the first children’s hospital in the country to initiate a pediatric research department, now named The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute. In 2012, the Research Institute was ranked first in funding from the National Institutes of Health to independent pediatric hospitals. Approximately one-third of the total space in the Hospital is devoted to research and all such activities are administratively organized under the aegis of Research Institute. The Research Institute has its own director and staff, and an independent Board of Trustees to oversee its operations. The Research Institute is home to one of the largest government and foundation-supported pediatric research programs in the country. In fiscal years 2011-2013, the Research Institute’s more than 525 investigators pursued research under more than 900 externally funded awards, approximately 80% of which came from the federal government. Clinical research represents the fastest growing research area at CHOP.
Center for Injury Research and Prevention at CHOP. CChIPS runs administratively under the auspices of the Center for Injury Research and Prevention (CIRP) at CHOP, one of eight Centers of Emphasis within the CHOP Research Institute. World renowned for its comprehensive program of research on the causes and consequences of child injury, CIRP includes 50 faculty and staff most of whom spend the majority of their time in the CIRP physical space although their appointments are across the University of Pennsylvania departments and they utilize facilities, as needed, across the campus. In 2002, CIRP moved to a new CHOP’s clinical research facility that consolidated expertise across the CHOP enterprise. CIRP’s facility includes approximately 13,000 square feet of office and support space including the Simulator Lab described below. The majority of CChIPS research involves analytical work, conducted in the CIRP space, and field work where children live, work and play. In addition, two laboratories hosted by CIRP support experimental studies: the Driving Simulator Lab (within the CIRP space) and the Human Volunteer Sled (in leased space at nearby Rowan University).
Driving Simulator Lab: During first five years of CChIPS, the Center raised money to purchase a simulator from a small business that became a CChIPS member, Realtime Technologies, Inc., and recruited a human factors engineer with expertise in teen driving to continue a line of research begun with University of Iowa. It is a high-fidelity fixed-base driving simulator and advanced, light-weight eye tracking technology. The three-channel open cockpit simulator includes 46” LCD panels with adjustable field of view, active pedals, and a steering system. It allows the study of how and why teens crash and develops and evaluates the interventions to reduce teen driver crash risk.
Human Volunteer Sled Lab: CIRP developed a low-speed human volunteer sled and were the first and only to test pediatric subjects in this manner. A safe, non-injurious crash pulse applicable to the pediatric population was derived from an amusement park bumper car impact. This pneumatically actuated, hydraulically controlled low speed sled is capable of delivering up to 5 g’s of acceleration to volunteers from six years of age through adult. The sled buck can be rotated 360 degrees in 30 degree increments, allowing for frontal, near-side, far-side, and rear impact tests. The seating buck assembly is comprised of a moving platform mounted on the two support rails by means of six low friction linear bearings. To date, the seating buck has consisted of a rigid low-back padded seat, an adjustable height shoulder belt anchor post (similar to a B-pillar in an automobile), lap belt anchors and an adjustable footrest mounted onto a disk bolted to the moving platform. The sled is capable of providing a safe crash pulse to restrained volunteers to study movement and muscle response across a range of industry relevant conditions.
OSU facilities and infrastructure
The Injury Biomechanics Research Center (IBRC) at The Ohio State University hosts CChIPS’ second site. The mission of the IBRC is to dedicate multi-discipline research to understanding the risk, prevention, and mechanism of human injury. Currently under the direction of John H. Bolte, the IBRC has completed research in the field of accidental traumatic injury for the last 15 years. The IBRC brings together an interdisciplinary team of engineers, anatomists, physicians, computer modelers and technicians, who focus on both mechanisms of injury and injury thresholds of the human body. Participating faculty in the IBRC include representatives from the College of Medicine (Anatomy, Radiology, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine, Pathology, Pediatrics, Orthopaedics, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Athletic Training); the College of Engineering (Mechanical, Biomedical, Industrial Systems); the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences (Anthropology, Psychology); and the College of Mathematical & Physical Sciences (Biostatistics). The IBRC is comprised of two key research facilities that both support the mission of CChIPS, the Injury Biomechanics Research Lab (IBRL) and the Skeletal Biology Research Lab (SBRL). The IBRL has experience testing both anthropomorphic test devices (crash test dummies) and post-mortem human subjects donated through the willed body donor program at The Ohio State University. Recent projects have also broadened the scope of the lab by participating in human volunteer studies, as well as advancing modeling capabilities. The Skeletal Biology Research Lab (SBRL) is newly established under the direction of Dr. Amanda Agnew, a CChIPS investigator. The SBRL works in close collaboration with the IBRL on many of the previously mentioned injury research project, but also adds element of research from the fields of bioarchaeology and forensics to supplement injury research. The SBRL is capable of using undecalcified bone microscopy techniques to further enhance assessments of injury and injury risk. Both the IBRL and SBRL have a long standing commitment to including students from a variety of disciplines in their work and this strong student population participates actively in CChIPS research.
Ohio State University
279 Hamilton Hall
1645 Neil Avenue
Columbus, Ohio, 43210